By Gloria James-Civetta

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Cyber Crimes in Singapore

2 min read

In Singapore, cyber crimes are governed by the Computer Misuse Act. There are a number of offences that fall under this Act.

Sentencing Guide

 

Section 3 – Unauthorised access to computer material

If found guilty, the accused will be liable on first conviction to

a) A fine of up to $5,000; or
b) Imprisonment for up to 2 years; or
c) Both.

For second or subsequent convictions, accused will be liable to

a) A fine of up to $10,000; or
b) Imprisonment for up to 3 years; or
c) Both.

If any damage is caused as a result of an offence under this section, a person convicted of the offence shall be liable to

a) A fine not exceeding $50,000; or
b) Imprisonment for a term not exceeding 7 years; or
c) Both.

Section 4 – Access with intent to commit or facilitate commission of offence

When a person uses a computer to secure access to any program or data with the intent to commit an offence.
Any person found guilty may be liable on conviction to

a) A fine not exceeding $50,000; or
b) Imprisonment for a term not exceeding 10 years; or
c) Both.

Section 5 – Unauthorised modification of computer material

 

Section 6 – Unauthorised use or interception of computer service

 

Section 7 – Unauthorised obstruction to use of computer

If found guilty, the accused will be liable on first conviction to

a) A fine of up to $10,000; or
b) Imprisonment for up to 3 years; or
c) Both.

For second or subsequent convictions, accused will be liable to

a) A fine of up to $20,000; or
b) Imprisonment for up to 5 years; or
c) Both.

If any damage is caused as a result of an offence under this section, a person convicted of the offence shall be liable to

a) A fine not exceeding $50,000; or
b) Imprisonment for a term not exceeding 7 years; or
c) Both.

Section 8 – Unauthorised disclosure of access code

If found guilty, the accused will be liable on first conviction to

a) A fine of up to $10,000; or
b) Imprisonment for up to 3 years; or
c) Both.

For second or subsequent convictions, accused will be liable to

a) A fine of up to $20,000; or
b) Imprisonment for up to 5 years; or
c) Both.

Section 9 – Enhanced punishment for offences involving protected computers

Where access to any protected computer is obtained in the course of the commission of an offence under section 3, 5, 6 or 7. A person convicted of such an offence shall, in lieu of the punishment prescribed in those sections, be liable to

a) A fine of up to $100,00; or
b) Imprisonment of up to 20 years; or
c) Both.

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